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UNITED KINGDOM: 

Résumé of the professional and educational contexts of the arts therapies

 

The professional context of arts therapies in the United Kingdom

The arts therapies in the UK have developed rapidly over the second half of the 20th century and into the 21st. Developments include regulation and registration as a state registered profession through the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) – http://www.hcpc-uk.org/ – and the recent establishment, led by Professor Di Waller, of the International Centre for Research in the Arts Therapies, (ICRA) at Imperial College, London UK.

http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/newsandeventspggrp/imperialcollege/eventssummary/event_2-7-2009-10-11-28

At present only art therapy, music therapy and dramatherapy, the three largest of the professional groups, have gained membership to HCPC, a process by which their practice, training procedures and professional organisation have been recognised by an Act of Parliament. It is hoped that it will not be too long before dance/movement therapy will follow.

This is the latest move in a lengthy history (Waller ‘91) of diverse practice within the arts therapies, and practitioners continue to address such questions as whether the therapeutic nature of their work should be identified and described within the language and concepts of verbal psychotherapy.

All the arts therapies training procedures are organised at postgraduate level (Masters) and arts therapists work in a variety of settings: psychiatry, social service, education, prisons and the voluntary sector. In all cases their training enables them to contribute their particular knowledge and expertise to the multi-disciplinary teams involved in client care.

The four professional associations

• British Association of Art Therapists,  www.baat.org

• British association of Music Therapists http://www.bamt.org/

• British Association of Dramatherapists ). http://badth.org.uk/

• Association of Dance/ Movement Therapists  http://www.admt.org.uk/

All of the professional associations publish their own registers, codes of professional practice, journals, and research findings.

 

The professional context of art therapy in the United Kingdom

Nationally recognised courses in art therapy have been established in the UK since the early 1970s. The clinical training is at post-graduate level (Masters). Qualified practitioners and students register with the British Association of Art Therapists (BAAT). British Association of Art Therapists   www.baat.org

The professional body is recognised by state authorities and is able to negotiate on behalf of its members with the various employing bodies. Art therapy is formally recognised for employment purposes by the National Health Service, Education and Social Services. Practitioners are registered and regulated through the Health and Care Professions Council. http://www.hcpc-uk.org/

Art therapy is a form of psychotherapy that uses art media as its primary mode of communication. Art therapy differs from other psychological therapies in that it is a three-way process between the client, the therapist and the image or artefact. Thus it offers the opportunity for expression and communication, and can be particularly helpful to people who find it hard to express their thoughts and feelings verbally.

Art therapists have a considerable understanding of art processes underpinned by a sound knowledge of therapeutic practice, and work with both individuals and groups in a variety of residential and community based settings, for example: adult mental health, learning disabilities, child and family centres, palliative care and the prison service. The diversity of these areas of work is reflected in the number of special interest groups that have developed in affiliation with the British Association of Art Therapists

Art therapy is a diverse profession and it is important to ensure that those who practise it are maintaining the standards that we as a professional body uphold. Art therapists, along with dramatherapists and music therapists need to register with the Health and Care Professions Council http://www.hcpc-uk.org/

 

The professional context of dramatherapy in the United Kingdom

Nationally recognised courses in dramatherapy have been established in the UK since the 1980s.  Qualified practitioners register with the British Association of Dramatherapists (BADth). http://badth.org.uk/ (BADth)

Dramatherapy has as its main focus the intentional use of healing aspects of drama and theatre as the therapeutic process. It is a method of working and playing that uses action methods to facilitate creativity, imagination, learning, insight and growth.

Dramatherapy is a form of psychological therapy in which all of the performance arts are utilised within the therapeutic relationship. Dramatherapists are both artists and clinicians and draw on their trainings in theatre/drama and therapy to create methods to engage clients in effecting psychological, emotional and social changes. The therapy gives equal validity to body and mind within the dramatic context: stories, myths, play texts, puppetry, masks and improvisation are examples of the range of artistic interventions a dramatherapist may employ. These will enable the client to explore difficult and painful life experiences through an indirect approach.

Dramatherapy is a diverse profession and it is important to ensure that those who practise it are maintaining the standards that we as a professional body uphold. Dramatherapists, along with art therapists and music therapists, need to register with the Health and Care Professions Council. http://www.hcpc-uk.org/

Dramatherapy is formally recognised for employment purposes by the National Health Service. In addition many dramatherapists work in social services, education, prisons (Home Office) and the private sector.

 

The professional context of music therapy in the United Kingdom

Nationally recognised courses in music therapy have been established in the UK since the late 1960s. Qualified practitioners register with the British Association of Music Therapists (BAMT). http://www.bamt.org/

There are two methods for training and practice. Nordoff Robbins can be found at

http://www.nordoff-robbins.org.uk/content/what-we-do/train-music-therapist/nordoff-robbins-learning-experience

Regardless of training all practitioners need to registered with Health and Care Professional Council . http://www.hcpc-uk.org/

Music plays an important role in our everyday lives. It can be exciting or calming, joyful or poignant, can stir memories and powerfully resonate with our feelings, helping us to express them and to communicate with others.

Music therapy uses these qualities and the musical components of rhythm, melody and tonality to provide a means of relating within a therapeutic relationship. In music therapy, people work with a wide range of accessible instruments and their voices to create a musical language which reflects their emotional and physical condition; this enables them to build connections with their inner selves and with others around them.

Music therapists support the client’s communications with a bespoke combination of improvised or pre-composed instrumental music and voice, either sung or spoken. Individual and group sessions are provided in many settings such as hospitals, schools, hospices and care homes, and the theoretical framework that informs the therapist’s approach will depend on their training and the health needs which are to be met.

The professional body is recognised by state authorities and is able to negotiate on behalf of its members with various employing bodies. Music Therapy is formally recognised for employment purposes by the National Health Service. In addition many music therapists work in social services, education, prisons (Home Office) and the private sector.

 

The professional context of dance-movement psychotherapy in the United Kingdom

Nationally recognised courses in dance/ movement psychotherapy have been established in the UK since the late 1980s. Qualified practitioners register with the Association of Dance/Movement Psychotherapists (ADMT).  http://www.admt.org.uk/

Dance-movement psychotherapy is the psychotherapeutic use of movement and dance through which a person can engage creatively in a process to further their emotional, cognitive, physical and social integration. It is founded on the principle that movement reflects an individual’s patterns of thinking and feeling. Through acknowledging and supporting clients’ movements the therapist encourages the development and integration of new adaptive movement patterns together with the emotional experiences that accompany such changes. Dance movement psychotherapy is practised as both individual and group therapy in health, education and social service settings and in private practice. While the documented use of dance as a healing art can be found in ancient history from all over the world, the contemporary profession incorporates dance, movement and psychological theories and therapeutic practices developed primarily in Europe and the North America.

Courses leading to dance-movement psychotherapy professional registration. Entry into the profession is through the successful completion of a Masters degree.

Currently there are three post-graduate DMP training programmes, all of which are recognized by ADMP UK, and are based in London, Derby and Bristol.

Those starred are Members of ECARTE:

Dance Voice Therapy and Education Centre, Bristol, MA Dance Movement Therapy

University of Derby *, MA Dance Movement Therapy

Goldsmiths, University of London *, MA Dance Movement Therapy

University of Roehampton *, MA Dance Movement Therapy


Below is the list of courses recognised by Health and Care Professions Council

http://www.hcpc-uk.org/

Those starred are Members of ECArTE.

Anglia Ruskin University *

MA Music Therapy

MA Dramatherapy *

 

Goldsmiths College University of London *

MA Art Psychotherapy

 

Guildhall School of Music and Drama

MA Music Therapy

 

Institute of Arts in Therapy and Education, London

MA Integrative Arts Psychotherapy

 

University of Worcester (based in Exeter) *

MA Dramatherapy

 

Leeds Metropolitan University

MA Art Psychotherapy Practice

 

Nordoff Robbins

MA Music Therapy

 

University of Roehampton *

MA Art Psychotherapy

MA Dramatherapy

MA Music Therapy

 

Royal Central School of Speech and Drama *

MA Drama and Movement Therapy (Sesame)

 

University of Chester

MA Art Therapy

 

University of Derby *

MA Art Therapy

MA Dramatherapy

 

University of Hertfordshire *

MA Art Therapy

 

University of the West of England, Bristol

MA Music Therapy

 

Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh *

MSc Art Psychotherapy (International)

MSc Music Therapy (Nordoff Robbins)

 

Reference: Waller, D. (1991) Becoming a Profession: The History of Art Therapy in Britain, 1940-82, London: Routledge

 


Cambridge: Anglia Ruskin University

Derby: University of Derby

Edinburgh: Queen Margaret University

Exeter: University of Worcester

Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire

London: Central School of Speech and Drama, University of London

London: Goldsmiths, University of London

London: University of Roehampton